About great pyramid of giza
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360° Travel inside the Great Pyramid of Giza - BBC
5 facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza
Built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world, the pyramids—especially the Great Pyramids of Giza—are some of the most magnificent man-made structures in history. Their massive scale reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. Though pyramids were built from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the close of the Ptolemaic period in the fourth century A. During the third and fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, Egypt enjoyed tremendous economic prosperity and stability. Kings held a unique position in Egyptian society. Somewhere in between human and divine, they were believed to have been chosen by the gods to serve as mediators between them and the people on earth. The new pharaoh, in turn, became Horus, the falcon-god who served as protector of the sun-god, Ra.
In ancient times they were included among the Seven Wonders of the World. The pyramids of Giza were royal tombs built for three different pharaohs. The northernmost and oldest pyramid of the group was built for Khufu Greek: Cheops , the second king of the 4th dynasty. Called the Great Pyramid, it is the largest of the three. The middle pyramid was built for Khafre Greek: Chephren , the fourth of the eight kings of the 4th dynasty. The southernmost and last pyramid to be built was that of Menkaure Greek: Mykerinus , the fifth king of the 4th dynasty. It is feet 66 metres high, significantly smaller than the pyramids of Khufu
Some of the stones are limestone quarried from near the site, but the larger granite stones came from Aswan, over miles away. The Great Pyramid — also named the Pyramid of Khufu after the fourth dynasty Pharaoh for whom it was built — sits alongside the pyramids of Menkaure and Khafre, and is perfectly aligned with the constellation of Orion. Although they are long gone, highly polished limestone blocks — known as casing stones — covered the surface of the Pyramid. It is thought that a massive earthquake loosened many of the stones and they were taken away to build mosques in nearby Cairo. They were given access to the Great Pyramid in April , which turned out to be quite a mistake. The pair took specimens from cartouches in an attempt to prove Khufu took the credit for the structure when it was the people of Atlantis that built it. They were arrested, along with their cameraman and several members of the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry.
It stands near Cairo , Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World , and the only one to remain mostly intact. When it was built it was It was the tallest building in the world for over 3, years. Erosion and other causes have shrunk it to The pyramid was probably built for Khufu , an Egyptian pharaoh.
All rights reserved. All three of Giza's famed pyramids and their elaborate burial complexes were built during a frenetic period of construction, from roughly to B. The pyramids were built by Pharaohs Khufu tallest , Khafre background , and Menkaure front. The Giza Pyramids, built to endure an eternity, have done just that. The monumental tombs are relics of Egypt's Old Kingdom era and were constructed some 4, years ago. Egypt's pharaohs expected to become gods in the afterlife.