How did philip change greece
The Greek and Roman Myths: A Guide to the Classical Stories by Philip MatyszakWho was Pandora and what was in her famous box? How did Achilles get his Achilles heel? What exactly is a Titan? And why is one computer virus known as a Trojan horse?
The myths of ancient Greece and Rome can seem bewilderingly complex, yet they are so much a part of modern life and discourse that most of us know fragments of them. This comprehensive companion takes these fragments and weaves them into an accessible and enjoyable narrative, guiding the reader through the basic stories of classical myth.
Philip Matyszak explains the sequences of events and introduces the major plots and characters, from the origins of the world and the labors of Hercules to the Trojan War and the voyages of Odysseus and Aeneas. He brings to life an exotic cast of heroes and monsters, wronged women and frighteningly arbitrary yet powerful gods. He also shows how the stories have survived and greatly influenced later art and culture, from Renaissance painting and sculpture to modern opera, literature, movies, and everyday products.
Philip II of Macedon: Twilight of the Polis in Ancient Greece
Philip inherited a weak, backward country with an ineffective, undisciplined army and molded them into a formidable, efficient military force, eventually subduing the territories around Macedonia as well as subjugating most of Greece. He used bribery, warfare , and threats to secure his kingdom. However, without his insight and determination, history would never have heard of Alexander. Unlike many of the city -states in Greece, Macedonia was a monarchy, seen as primitive and backward by the rest of Greece. The royal family of this barbaric land was the Argeads who traced their roots to both the isle of Argos and Heracles Hercules , the son of Zeus.
Alexander the Great is one of the most famous men in history. He is not as well-known as his son but he laid the foundations for the great Empire of Alexander. Phillip was a great soldier and statesman and he transformed Macedonia and turned it into a well-run state. He also established a professional army that employed innovative military tactics. Phillip conquered Greece and it was to remain under the influence of Macedonia, for almost two hundred years, until the Roman conquest. Macedonia was a small kingdom to the north of Greece. Unlike the rest of Greece, it was rather backward and it did not have any major urban centers.
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Philip II , byname Philip of Macedon , born bce —died , Aegae [now Vergina , Greece] , 18th king of Macedonia — bce , who restored internal peace to his country and by had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son Alexander III the Great. Philip was a son of Amyntas III. In his boyhood he saw the Macedonian kingdom disintegrating while his elder brothers Alexander II and Perdiccas III, who each reigned for a few years, strove unsuccessfully against insubordination of their regional vassal princes, intervention of the strong Greek city Thebes , and invasion by the Illyrians of the northwest frontier. Philip himself spent some time as a hostage at Thebes, the leading city with Athens of this decade — bce , where the great Epaminondas , the most inventive tactician of all Greek generals until then, was in charge of the best army in Greece. When he returned to Macedonia his brother Perdiccas soon found him ready for a command. Philip came to the throne suddenly and unexpectedly in , when Perdiccas was killed meeting an Illyrian invasion.
Lecture by Dr. Well, in a man called Philip became King of Macedon. We know the Macedonians were fundamentally Greeks. That is to say, they were Greek speakers and ethnically, if there is such a thing, they were Greek. Well, Macedon did not have such a structure. But for the Greeks it had a different meaning; it was people who participated in the culture that they designated as Hellenic and they thought the Macedonians fell outside of that.