Critical ethnography in educational research
The Churning of the Ocean by Anant PaiAnant Pai popularly known as Uncle Pai, was an Indian educationalist and creator of Indian comics, in particular the Amar Chitra Katha series in 1967, along with the India Book House publishers, and which retold traditional Indian folk tales, mythological stories, and biographies of historical characters. In 1980, he launched Tinkle, a childrens anthology, which was started under Rang Rekha Features, Indias first comic and cartoon syndicate, that lasted till 1998, with him as the Managing Director.
Today, Amar Chitra Katha sells about three million comic books a year, in English and more than 20 Indian languages, and has sold about 100 million copies since it inception in 1967 by Anant Pai, and in 2007 was taken over by ACK Media.
Qualitative Research Designs
This volume provides both a technical, theoretical guide to advanced ethnography - focusing on such concepts as primary data collection and system relationships - and a practical guide for researchers interested in conducting actual studies. It illustrates developments in critical social theory and applies them to ethnographic analysis in a way which seeks to be accessible to all. Read more Read less.
Critical ethnography applies a critical theory based approach to ethnography. It focuses on the implicit values expressed within ethnographic studies and, therefore, on the unacknowledged biases that may result from such implicit values. Critical ethnography incorporates reflexive inquiry into its methodology. Researchers employing this approach position themselves as being intrinsically linked to those being studied and thus inseparable from their context. In contrast to conventional ethnography which describes what is, critical ethnography also asks what could be in order to disrupt tacit power relationships and perceived social inequalities. Critical ethnography stems from both anthropology and the Chicago school of sociology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Research Methods in Language and Education pp Cite as. Critical ethnography is a qualitative approach to research that explicitly sets out to critique hegemony, oppression, and asymmetrical power relations in order to foster social change. While all forms of critical ethnography work to interrogate the structures of power and lay bare inequities suffered by marginalized communities, some critical ethnographers work directly with community members, engaging in participatory research and ongoing dialogue with those being researched. Recently, critical ethnography has taken a turn toward exploring indigenous ways of knowing and producing knowledge, which has led the field in new and exciting directions. This chapter will review scholarship that has worked to develop a coherent foundation for critical ethnographic research in terms of elaborating a range of approaches, dealing with issues of accountability and reliability, managing researcher ethics, and ensuring credibility of both the research process and findings.
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