Voltaire history of charles xii
The History of Charles XII King of Sweden by VoltaireFun when young, though on reflection Charles XII is possibly not the role model that parents, save for the particularly violent kind, would wish for their child.
Charles the XII became king of Sweden as a teenager in 1697 and spent his reign at war until a musket ball brought his life to a close in 1718 (his excuse was that he didnt start it). Reading it one wouldnt have guessed that the same man also wrote Candide. Presumably if cash wasnt the motivating factor then perhaps a desire to please a potential patron was the motivation to write this simple, undistinguished narrative history - which in itself is a interesting as his book on the the age of Louis XIV was apparently and in contrast to this, quite innovative.
The edition I read was an elderly Everyman edition, bought secondhand, probably from the bargain box outside the old bookshop. The cloth cover was pink, if it always was, or had just faded I dont know, but I do recall that this particular edition had a curious dedication to a British member of Parliament (view spoiler)[cant remember who, not anybody I had ever heard of at the time (hide spoiler)] by the translator who assumed he would have been inspired to still greater heights of moral integrity and fervent Protestantism by this biography written by a louche French Catholic (view spoiler)[by birth at least if not in habit (hide spoiler)] of an absolutist Monarch happy to fight everyone of what ever religion if they happened to violate his borders.
The History of Charles XII King of Sweden
See also biographies by R. Bain , repr. Gade , F. Bengtsson tr. Hatton The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
As Peter the Great rose, so did the Russian Empire. This was the empire which was chiefly created by Gustavus Adolphus when he brought his army to continental Europe in the Thirty Years War. By the end of this war, Sweden had gained the title of a major power and prestige as the invincible champion of the Protestant cause for the remainder of the 17 th century. Less than a century later, at the end of the Great Northern War , this image was permanently shattered. He was certainly a skilled and brave soldier, even seemingly careless with his life on the battlefield.
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